New research reveals that a diet low in calories can actually help millions of Americans reverse their type 2 diabetes
Diabetes kills one out of seven individuals within the United States on an annual basis and is responsible for potentially deadly conditions such as kidney failure, heart disease, vision loss and amputation of limbs.
A new body of research revealed that a restrictive diet of a maximum of 800 calories per day could actually provide relief and potentially reverse the disease for the millions of diabetic individuals across America.
The research team, originating from Yale, discovered through testing that animals were given only one-third of their usual food intake that glucose was significantly lowered.
Glucose was lowered due to the decreased amount of amino and lactate acids were being converted to sugar, and the animals are found to store less glycogen in general.
The test animals also were found to have a lowered content of fat, which improves the way the liver processes insulin - all of these benefits happening in the space of only three days.
Researchers aim to confirm the results of the benefits of restrictive diets in human subjects
Senior author of the study, Dr. Gerald Shelman, said that the results revealed that it is a mix of three different mechanisms that lead to a swift hyperglycemia reversal after sticking to a diet low in calories.
Although the studies on restrictive calorie diets are still only in the preliminary stages, the research team is eager to see if this type of diet will have the same sort of benefits in humans.
The research team will next study patients with type 2 diabetes who follow restrictive diets very low in calories or who are pursuing bariatric surgery.